April 23, 2024
Paid Up Capital

Paid Up Capital

Paid up capital, a measure of the equity of a company, is one way to calculate the financial strength of an organization. 

A company’s paid up capital includes all “capital” that is in no way owed or mortgaged. 




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This includes common and preferred shares, treasury stocks and other equity investments. In most cases this does not include debt that is owed by the corporation to creditors outside of its owners. 

Paid up capital is a vital statistic for financial institutions, large corporations and analysts. It is also a key component in calculating the book value of assets owned by the business. 

Paid up capital can be calculated in several ways, depending on the jurisdiction and purpose of use. 

What is paid up capital?

Paid-up capital is generally understood as the “net” amount of a company, after deducting all liabilities of the corporation. 

In the case of many investments, however, there are no such “liabilities”, and in many cases, no such “capital”. In practice, there may be numerous types of investments held by corporations that are neither true equity nor obligations. 

For example, many corporations hold bonds and notes as part of their investment portfolios, but this is not effectively capital. 

Furthermore, if the bond or other types of debt is issued by a company which itself is a corporation, the bondholder may be considered to have no right to the repayment of principal or interest. 

Can I withdraw the paid up capital?

In many cases, these issues are trivial when the paid up capital is considered to be a financial “asset”. For example, if an investor or creditor is looking at the value of shares in a company or its assets, it would generally not be meaningful to consider rights that may or may not exist to repayment of principal or interest on non-equity debt.

However, for many corporate jurisdictions, the use of paid up capital is closely linked to the governance and legal system. For example, in many jurisdictions, bonds or shares of a corporation are not actually “debts”, but they are nonetheless obligations to the issuer.


  1. Paid Up Capital is a tool used by investors to determine the risk associated with investing in a company’s stocks
  2. PUC is calculated by deducting the total liabilities from the shareholders’ equity (total assets minus total liabilities)
  3. The term liability refers to a company’s debts and other financial obligations
  4. Publicly traded companies are required by law to disclose their PUC ratio in their financial reports
  5. The purpose of the PUC ratio is to inform an investor of the solvency of a company and its ability to pay its debts
  6. The higher the PUC ratio, the better or more stable a company is thought to be by investors.

Is paid-up capital taxable?

If a company calculates its paid-up capital while using the GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles) or IFRS (International Financial Reporting Standards) accounting standards, the calculation of this financial report will include any credit balances, tax receivable and any other amounts that relate to income taxes. 

To calculate the “taxable” value of a company’s paid up capital, taxes are deducted from the total reported equity.

What is difference between share capital and paid up capital?

In many corporations, the “stock” that is held by investors may be considered to be an obligation of the corporation to repay the shareholder. 

For example, if a corporation issues shares to investors, the corporation is obligated to repay any dividends or principle in proportion to the ownership of these shares. 

The “paid up capital” is considered to be different from this kind of stock. If paid up capital is understood as paid in or paid out capital, it may well represent property owned by shareholders. 

However, “paid up capital” may also be understood as a type of stock that is not considered to be an obligation of the corporation to pay or repay. 

What is value of paid up capital?

When a creditor considers their rights, the paid up capital is generally considered to represent an actual value. 

This may or may not be considered to be the financial value of equity in the corporation that has been issued. 

What is the minimum paid-up capital of a private company?

Paid up capital is often used to calculate the value of a company. There is some level at which it becomes meaningful to consider the value of a corporation based on its total equity value. 

This minimum amount may vary by jurisdiction, but it is generally considered to be the amount that would make sense for most companies that are looking to raise finance through debt or equity markets. 

For example, if a company has a paid up capital of $100 million and its total liabilities are $400 million, the total equity value of the company will be significantly larger. 

If this company is looking to borrow money through bank financing or take on debt from other investors, the company should be able to justify its ability to service debt in proportion to this “healthy” level of equity.

What are the 4 types of shares?

The equity that is legally considered to be held by shareholders may be classified in several different types. 

These may include:

Paid-up capital is a measure of the value of assets owned by a company compared with total liabilities and unpaid dividends. 

It provides the information that allows investors and other creditors to understand if a company (or part of a company) will have the ability to repay its debts.



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Paid up capital is used by companies to provide investors with information about the company’s equity. It can be defined as the paid in capital minus the amount of debt that exists on a company’s balance sheet. Paid up capital is calculated by taking a company’s assets, subtracting its liabilities, and subtracting any retained earnings (which represents prior income that is not paid out to shareholders).


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